Falsified and substandard medicines (FS) are a known public health problem. FS medicines represent various threats to patients: they may contain an insufficient amount or no active ingredient, or dangerous ingredients. Drug resistance, treatment failure and death have been associated with these products. While the prevalence in developed markets is likely below 1%, it is estimated that up to and more than 15% of all drugs sold in developing countries constitute a threat to patients.
We welcome comments on this draft, as well as interest in joining the Community of Practice on Compensatory Measures in International Government Procurement Contracts. Please reach out to Chantal Dagnaud at firstname.lastname@example.org for comments or expression of interest.
A joint report of the World Bank and the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have developed rapidly over the last two decades. The development of ICTs have allowed adults, as well as children, to enjoy unprecedented opportunities and benefits in terms of socialization, education, and entertainment. On the other hand, recent rapid advances in ICTs simultaneously have allowed violence to be committed by, with, and through the use of ICTs, including violence against children.
The World Bank, the African Development Bank, the Nordic Investment Bank, and other multilateral and bilateral development partners with a stake in the fight against corruption, including the United Nations and regional organizations such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, academia, and research institutes, have launched a study (the Study) under the auspices of the Global Forum on Law, Justice, and Development, a mechanism shared by a worldwide network of stakeholders designed to capture, co-generate, exchange, and disseminate innovative legal solutions for development.
A joint report of The World Bank, The International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children and the Associação dos Juízes Federais da Primeira Região do Brasil.
The Internet has created an exciting world of rapid information exchange, altering our cultural landscape with enormous new benefits and opportunities in education, socialization, and entertainment. Unfortunately, it has also proven to be a powerful tool for illegal endeavors helping fuel criminal activity. Illicit ventures are no longer constrained by physical limits related to presence, transportation, distribution, jurisdiction, and vigilance as the Internet has provided them a space to thrive without censorship and impunity.
Cover OECD Brivery ReportNow that foreign bribery is illegal in many countries, the even greater challenge is to effectively investigate and prosecute this crime when it occurs. Often involving a series of offshore transactions, multiple intermediaries, complex corporate structures and evidence located abroad, successfully detecting, investigating and sanctioning foreign bribery requires expertise, time and co-operation.
The OECD Foreign Bribery Report, allows us to better understand the ‘who, what, where, why, and how’ of foreign bribery.